What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Symptoms, Causes, effects, diagnosis and Treatment

What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Treatment

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects a lady’s hormone levels. And this hormone imbalance makes them skip menstrual cycle and makes it harder for them to get pregnant. Because this additionally causes hair development on the face and body, and baldness. But birth control pills and diabetes medications can help fix the hormone irregularity and improve side effects.

Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Symptoms for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Symptoms for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

A few ladies start seeing side effects around the time of their first period. But others just find they have PCOS after they’ve gained a lot of weight. And when they’ve experienced difficulty getting pregnant. So, the most common PCOS symptoms are:

Irregular periods: An absence of ovulation keeps the uterine coating from shedding each month. But a few ladies with PCOS get less than eight periods per year 

Heavy bleeding: The uterine arranging works for a more drawn out timeframe. So the periods you do get can be heavier than typical. 

Hair growth: In excess of 70 percent of ladies with this condition develop hair all over and body, including on their back, belly, and chest. And overabundance hair development is called hirsutism. 

Acne: Male hormones can make the skin oilier than expected. And cause breakouts on zones like the face, chest, and upper back. 

Weight gain: Up to 80 percent of ladies with PCOS are overweight.

Male pattern baldness: Hair on the scalp gets thinner and drop out because of PCOS.

Darkening of the skin: Dull patches of skin can frame in body wrinkles like those on the neck, in the crotch and under the breasts. 

Headaches: Because of hormone changes, can trigger headaches in certain ladies.

Causes of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Causes Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Causes Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

The accurate reason for PCOS isn’t known. And elements that may take role include:


Ladies with PCOS regularly have expanded degrees of inflammation in their body. And being overweight can likewise contribute to inflammation. Additionally studies have connected excess inflammation to higher androgen levels.


Research proposes that specific qualities may be connected to PCOS. 

Insulin obstruction 

Up to 70 percent of ladies with PCOS have insulin obstruction. And implying that their cells can’t utilize insulin appropriately. Because it is a hormone the pancreas produces to enable the body to utilize sugar from foods for energy. But at the point when cells can’t utilize insulin appropriately, the body’s interest for insulin increases. So the pancreas makes more insulin to compensate. Hence additional insulin triggers the ovaries to create increasingly male hormones.

Excess androgen

 The ovaries produce strangely elevated amounts of androgen, bringing about hirsutism and acne.

Effects of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Effects of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Effects of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

The effects of PCOS can include:

  • Because of Infertility
  • Miscarriage or premature birth
  • diabetes or pregnancy induced high blood pressure
  • Cancer of the uterine lining
  • Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Depression, anxiety and eating disorders
  • And Sleep apnea

Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

There are different tests for PCOS. which are given below:

  1. pelvic test
  2. Blood tests 
  3. And ultrasound

1: A pelvic test can search for any issues with your ovaries or different parts of your reproductive tract. During this test, your doctor inserts gloved fingers into your vagina. Certainly checks for any developments in your ovaries or uterus. 

2: Blood tests check for higher-than-ordinary degrees of male hormones. Because you may likewise have blood tests to check your cholesterol, insulin. And triglyceride levels to evaluate your risk for related conditions like heart disease and diabetes. 

3: An ultrasound uses sound waves to search for unusual follicles. And different issues with your ovaries and uterus.

Treatment for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

There is no remedy for PCOS. But treatment intends to deal with the indications that influence a person. Because this will rely upon whether the individual needs to become pregnant. And intends to decrease the danger of medical conditions. So there are a few prescribed treatment choices, including:

Diabetes medications: These help oversee diabetes, if important.

Birth control pills: can help manage hormones and monthly cycle. 

Fertility medications: If pregnancy is wanted, these incorporate the utilization of clomiphene. Additionally a mix of clomiphene and metformin, or injectable gonadotropins. For example, Follicle-invigorating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) drugs. But in specific circumstances, letrozole  might be suggested.


Certainly, PCOS can disturb a lady’s menstrual cycles and make it harder to get pregnant. And abnormal amounts of male hormones additionally lead to undesirable symptoms like hair development on the face and body. So, there are some treatments for PCOS, and they frequently function admirably. But weight reduction can treat PCOS side effects and improve the chances of getting pregnant. Because diet and aerobic exercise are two viable approaches to lose weight.  Hence birth control pills and metformin can be helpful for PCOS.

Here are some good reads for getting to know about best health conditions.

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