Diabetes- types, symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention

Diabetes: symptoms, treatment and prevention

Diabetes is a disease where your blood sugar or glucose levels are excessively high. Glucose originates from the food you eat. It is a condition that impairs the body’s capacity to process blood glucose, also called glucose. Without progressing, diabetes can prompt a development of sugar in the blood, which can expand the danger of complications, including stroke and heart disease. Diabetes can happen when the pancreas delivers no or very little insulin, or when the body doesn’t react appropriately to insulin. So far, there is no cure. Individuals with diabetes need to deal with their disease to remain healthy. Treatment and prevention of Diabetes are must know things.


Types of diabetes

diabetes types

Various types of diabetes can happen, and dealing with the condition relies upon the type. Not all types of diabetes come from an individual being overweight or driving a dormant way of life. Three significant diabetes types can develop: Type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. 

  1. Type I diabetes

This type happens when the body neglects to deliver insulin. Individuals with type I diabetes are insulin-dependent. And which means they should take artificial insulin every day to remain alive. 

    2. Type 2 diabetes

The diabetes influences the manner in which the body utilizes insulin. While the body still makes insulin, the cells in the body don’t react to it as effectively as they once did. 

    3. Gestational diabetes

This type happens in ladies during pregnancy when the body can turn out to be less sensitive to insulin. Gestational diabetes doesn’t happen in all ladies and typically settle after giving birth. 

    4. Prediabetes 

But this diabetes happens when yours glucose is higher than normal, however it’s not sufficiently high for an analysis of sort 2 diabetes.

Symptoms of diabetes

Symptoms of diabetes

Diabetes symptoms are brought about by rising glucose. So the general symptoms of diabetes include:

  • increased hunger
  • because of weight loss
  • frequent urination
  • and blurry vision
  • because of extreme fatigue
  • increased thirst
  • sores that don’t heal

Type 1 diabetes Symptoms:

  • extreme hunger
  • increased thirst
  • unintentional weight loss
  • frequent urination
  • blurry vision
  • tiredness

Type 2 diabetes Symptoms:

  • increased hunger
  • and increased urination
  • blurry vision
  • tiredness
  • sores that are slow to heal
  • increased thirst

Causes of diabetes

fried food - causes of diabetes
fried food – causes of diabetes

Various causes are related with each type of diabetes. 

Type 1 diabetes 

your immune system, which regularly fights unsafe viruses or bacteria, the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroy insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas. This leaves you with almost no insulin. Genes may play a role in certain individuals. It’s additionally possible that a virus sets off the immune system attack. 

Type 2 diabetes 

This diabetes comes from a blend of hereditary qualities and way of life factors. your cells become resistant to the activity of insulin, and your pancreas can’t make enough insulin to conquers this resistance. And being overweight or obese expands your risk as well. 

Gestational diabetes 

And Gestational diabetes is the result of hormonal changes during pregnancy. The placenta produces hormones that make a pregnant lady’s cells less sensitive that impacts of insulin. This can cause high glucose during pregnancy. Ladies who are overweight when they get pregnant. And who put on an excessive amount of weight during their pregnancy are bound to get gestational diabetes.

Treatment of diabetes

treatment of diabetes

Doctors treat diabetes with a couple of various medications. A portion of these medications are taken by mouth, while others are available as injections. Diabetes treatment and prevention are must know things.

Type 1 diabetes 

Insulin is the fundamental treatment for type 1 diabetes. So there are four kinds of insulin that are most ordinarily utilized. 

  • Short-acting insulin
  • Rapid-acting insulin
  • Long-acting insulin 
  • Intermediate-acting insulin

Type 2 diabetes

Diet and exercise can enable a few people to manage type 2 diabetes. These medications bring down your glucose 

  • Biguanides
  • Meglitinides
  • Sulfonylureas
  • DPP-4 inhibitors
  • SGLT2 inhibitors
  • Glucagon-like peptides
  • Thiazolidinediones

Gestational diabetes

You’ll have to monitor your glucose level a few times each day during pregnancy. Because around 10 to 20 percent of ladies with gestational diabetes will require insulin to bring down their glucose. Insulin is safe for the growing child.

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Prevention of diabetes

Prevention of diabetes

Type 1 diabetes can’t be prevented. However, the equivalent sound way of lifestyle that help treat prediabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes can also help anticipate them. Most diabetes prevention strategies include making straightforward changes in accordance with your diet and fitness schedule. 

  • Eat healthy foods
  • And eat smaller portions
  •  But eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • Cut saturated and trans fats out of your diet
  • Get at any rate 150 minutes out of each seven day aerobic exercise, for example, strolling or cycling


Diabetes symptoms can be mellow to the point that they’re difficult to spot at first. But both genes and environmental elements play a role in activating diabetes. Diabetes can prompt to serious medical difficulties, and however you can deal with the condition with prescriptions and way of life changes. Because like  type 2 can be prevented with better food choices, expanded activity, and weight reduction. Diabetes treatment and prevention are must know things. The medication that your doctor recommends will rely upon the type of diabetes you have. So a diabetes diet essentially means eating the most advantageous foods in moderate sums and sticking to ordinary eating times.

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    Great post! Thank you for the insightful article. I like the glucose tablets idea, a great way to keep them close and without worry about how delicate an alternative might be. I would love to hear more about the significance of blood glucose levels.

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